Sean Clouston

Sean Clouston


Sean Clouston, Ph.D.

Associate Professor

Department of Family, Population and Preventive Medicine 

Program in Public Health




Ph.D., Sociology, McGill University, (2011)

M.A., Social Statistics, McGill University (2006)

B.A., Sociology and Mathematics, University of Victoria, (2005)

Academic Interests:

Social inequalities in health, Social epidemiology, Life course epidemiology, Quantitative methodologies

Honors, Awards & Affiliations:

P30 AG012836, (Kohler, PI; Kohler & Clouston, Pilot Co-PI)                     07/01/20-06/30/22

Pilot Study: Comparative Cognitive Health Changes in Low-Income Settings

Understand the comparability of cognitive testing and results in the Malawi Lifelong Family and Health Study (MLSFH).


R01 MH125702 (Schwartz, PI; Clouston, Co-I)                                01/01/21-11/30/24

SCH: Advancing Language-based Analyses of Social Media to Reliably Monitor Variation in Population Mental Health.

The central goal of this study is methodological in that it hopes to improve the use of online social media to help with estimation of trends in poorer mental health across place and over time.


R01 AG067621 (Hofer, PI; Clouston SBU Subcontract PI)              02/15/19-11/30/24                  

Evaluation of multivariate causal factors linking the Flynn effect to declining dementia trends and cognitive aging.

Understand the importance of birth cohort to expectations of cognitive decay in old age.


R01 AG058595, NIH/NIA (Clouston PI)                                          02/01/19-01/31/24                  

Social inequalities and the onset of Alzheimer's pathology: The role of Race/Ethnicity, cognitive reserve, and occupational complexity.

To examine social inequalities in onset of Alzheimer’s-like disease using longitudinal cognitive trajectories.


R01 AG060933, (Scott SB, PI; Clouston, Co-I)                                09/01/18-08/31/23      

The Role of Personality in Cognitive Aging and Dementia

Understand the longitudinal association between changes in personality and changes in cognition utilizing data Ecological Monitoring information derived from a novel data collection using longitudinal burst designs as part of the Einstein Aging Study.


R01 AG049953 (Clouston, PI)                                                           05/15/15-01/31/26     

A life course approach to integrating trauma and cognitive aging: A cohort of 9/11 responders

Examining risk of cognitive limitations and of longitudinal declines in cognitive functioning among WTC responders in relation to PTSD and examining whether APOE status, unemployment, and childhood adversities are explain these associations.


NIH/NIMH R01 MH110434, (Kotov R, PI; Clouston, Co-I)             06/01/16-05/31/21      

Trajectories of Aging in Psychotic Disorders Over 27 Years

Understand the role of schizophrenia and bipolar personality disorder in relation to cognitive and physical impairments in the Suffolk County Project.

CDC/NIOSH U01 OH011314, (Lucchini/Luft MPI)   09/01/16-08/31/20
Structural and functional neuroimaging of posttraumatic stress disorder and cognitive impairment in World Trade Center responders.
Examine a cohort of individuals with and without PTSD and with and without probable dementia using structural and functional MRI.

CDC/NIOSH U01 OH011321 (Kotov R, PI; Clouston Co-I)                        09/01/16-08/31/21

Personality-informed care model for 9/11-related comorbid conditions

Examines a cohort of individuals using an EMA approach in order to understand how personality relates to episodic changes in lower respiratory symptoms and PTSD and its relation to costs of care in the WTC clinic.


Selected Publications:

Clouston, Sean, Marcus Richards, Dorina Cadar & Scott Hofer. In Press. "Educational Inequalities in Health Behaviors at Midlife: Is There a Role for Early-Life Cognition?". Journal of Health and Social Behavior

Rubin, Marcie S, Sean Clouston, Mohammad M Ahmed, Kristen M Lowe, Pradip R Shetye, Hillary L Broder, Stephen M Warren & Barry H Grayson. 2015. "Assessment of Presurgical Clefts and Predicted Surgical Outcome in Patients Treated with and without Nasoalveolar Molding." Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. 26(1): 1-5.

Clouston, Sean, Marcie S. Rubin, Cynthia Colen & Bruce G. Link. 2014. "Social Inequalities in Suicide: The Role of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors." American Journal of Epidemiology 180(7):696-704.

Rubin, Marcie S., Sean Clouston & Bruce G. Link. 2014. "A Fundamental Cause Approach to the Study of Disparities in Lung Cancer and Pancreatic Cancer Mortality in the United States ". Social Science and Medicine 100(2014):54-61 

Clouston, Sean, Rachel Kidman and Tia Palermo. 2014. "Social Inequalities in Vaccination Uptake among Children Aged 0-59 Months Living in Madagascar: An Analysis of Demographic and Health Survey Data from 2008-09.". Vaccine 32(28):3533-39

Hofer, Scott M & Sean Clouston. 2014. "On the Importance of Early-Life Cognitive Abilities in Shaping Later-Life Outcomes." Research in Human Development 11(3):241-46

Clouston, Sean, Andrea Lawlor & Ashton Verdery. 2014. "The Role of Social Networks and Partnership Status to Late-Life Capability." Canadian Journal on Aging/La Revue canadienne du vieillissement 33(4):413-25

Clouston, S, P Brewster, D Kuh, M Richards, R Cooper, R Hardy, M Rubin, & S Hofer. 2013. "The dynamic relationship between physical function and cognition in longitudinal aging cohorts." Epidemiologic Reviews.

Saldana-Ruiz, N, S Clouston, M Rubin, C Colen, and B Link. 2013. “Fundamental Causes of Age Adjusted Colorectal Cancer Mortality: Understanding the Importance of Socioeconomic Status and Race in Creating Inequality in Mortality.” American Journal of Public Health. 103(1): 99-104.

Clouston, Sean, Diana Kuh, Marcus Richards, Pamela Herd, and Scott M Hofer. 2012. "Benefits of educational attainment on adult intelligence: International evidence from three birth cohorts." International Journal of Epidemiology.

Clouston, Sean, Amélie Quesnel-Vallée. 2012. "The role of defamilialization in the relationship between partnership and self-rated health: A cross-national comparison of Canada and the United States." Social Science & Medicine. 75(2012): 1342-1350.

Wang, Andrew, Sean Clouston, Marcie Rubin, Cynthia Colen, and Bruce Link. 2012. “Fundamental Causes of Colorectal Cancer Mortality: The Implications of Informational Diffusion.” The Milbank Quarterly. 3(90): 592-618.

Piccinnin, Andrea, Graciela Muniz, Sean Clouston, Ian J. Deary, Dorly Deeg, Boo Johansson, Andrew Mackinnon, Chandra A. Reynolds, Avron Spiro, John M. Starr, Valgeir Thorvaldsson & Scott M. Hofer. 2012. "Coordinated Analysis of Age, Sex, and Education Effects on Change in MMSE Scores." Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological & Social Sciences.

Clouston, Sean. 2011. "Social and Economic Patterning in the Interphone Study." International Journal of Epidemiology.

Wang, Andrew, Sean Clouston, Marcie Rubin, Cynthia Colen, and Bruce Link. Abstract. 2010. “Fundamental Causes of Colorectal Cancer Mortality.” Cancer Research. 70(8 Supp.): 990. 

Clouston, Sean, Sara Amin, Ashton Verdery, and G. Robin Gauthier. 2009. "The Structure of Undergraduate Association Networks: A Quantitative Ethnography." Connections 29(2).

Clouston, Sean, Margaret Penning. Abstract. 2009. "Poverty and Disability Transitions in Middle and Later Life: Impact on Social Isolation." Journal of Nutrition, Health, and Aging. 13(S1).

Clouston, Sean. "Who Killed the Queen? The Story of a Community Hospital and How to Fix Public Health Care." (Book Review). 2009. The McGill Sociological Review. 1: 65-67.

Book Chapters:

Clouston, Sean. 2014. "Counterfactual models for inferring causality in longitudinal lifecourse research." In Healthy Ageing across the Life Course. Kuh, D et al. (Eds.) Oxford University Press. Oxford, UK.